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Injury 101

3 Types of Injuries
Acute
Usually a result of a single traumatic event. These injuries will often cause a joint or area to swell, discoloration may or may not be present.
*fractures, dislocations, sprains, strains

Overuse
Usually the result of a repetitive motion or activity. These are more subtle than acute injuries and gradually worsen over time, making them challenging to diagnose and treat.
*runner’s knee, tennis elbow, Achilles tendonitis, shin splints

Chronic
Usually the result of not getting treatment or ignoring an overuse injury – becomes “chronic” when it has lasted for 3 or more months
*back/neck pain, stress fracture, RTC injury/frozen shoulder, chronic ankle instability

Many of the sports injuries we see today are a result of overuse
Overuse/overtraining injuries and burnout are a major problem for adolescent athletes. Both can occur when students participate in sports year-round with no “off-season,” or have insufficient recovery time between practices and games.

 

Common Terms
Sprain
A result of overstretching or partially tearing a joint capsule or ligament.

Strain
Also called a “pull,” these are a result of overstretching or partially tearing a muscle or tendon.

Tear
A complete separation or rupture of the tissue fibers (muscle or ligament).

Contusion
Also called bruises, this is an injury to tissue or bone in which capillaries are broken and local bleeding occurs.

Fracture
A complete or incomplete break in a bone resulting from the application of excessive force.

P.R.I.C.E.
Protection
Protect the injured body part from further damage – this can be achieved by removing from participation, bracing, or taping.

Rest
Take a break from aggravating activities, and avoid using the injured area.

Ice
15-20 minutes at a time – be careful when applying directly to the skin to prevent frostbite.

Compression
Apply a wrap starting at the point farthest from the heart (distal to proximal). The wrap should be snug, but shouldn’t cause numbness or tingling.

Elevation
While icing, elevate the injured area about the heart to control/decrease swelling.
INSIDE EDGE

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